Reference Material

Deicing Innovations has compiled an extensive list of regulations, standards, recommended practices and other industry guidance material pertinent to ground operations in icing conditions. 

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Transport Canada

Transport Canada Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR)

CAR Standard 622.11 – Ground Icing Operations

Transport Canada Holdover Time Tables

Transport Canada TP14052, Guidelines for Aircraft Ground Icing Operations

Transport Canada Exemption from CARs Subsection 602.11(4)

Transport Canada TP 14181, System Safety Winter Briefing Kit

Transport Canada TP 312, Aerodrome Standards and Recommended Practices

Transport Canada TP10643E, When in Doubt – Small and Large Aircraft – Aircraft Critical Surface Contamination Training for Aircrew and Groundcrew

Transport Canada, Staff Instruction SI 602-002: Aircraft Critical Surface Contamination Surveillance and Monitoring Strategies

Transport Canada, Staff Instruction SI 602-002

Transport Canada TP13750E, Commercial and Business Aviation Inspection and Audit (Checklists) Manual

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) is the primary source of aircraft ground deicing standards, specifications and recommended practices in the world. SAE publications are available directly from SAE at The following SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP), Aerospace Standards (AS), Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS) and Aerospace Information Reports (AIR) are applicable to aircraft ground deicing operations:

SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP)

ARP 1247D: Aerospace Ground Support Equipment – General Requirements

ARP 1971C: Aircraft Deicing Vehicle – Self-Propelled, Large and Small Capacity

ARP 4737H: Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Methods

ARP 4806: Aerospace – Deicing/Anti-Icing Self-Propelled Vehicle Functional Requirements

ARP 4902B: Design and Operation of Aircraft Deicing Facilities

ARP 5058A: Enclosed Operators Cabin for Aircraft Ground Deicing Equipment

ARP 5149B: Training Program Guidelines for De/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on Ground

ARP 5485A: Endurance Time Tests for Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids SAE Type II, III, and IV

ARP 5646: Quality Program Guidelines for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground

ARP 5660A: Deicing Facility Operational Procedures

ARP 5718A: Qualification Process for SAE AMS1428 Type II, III, and IV Fluids

ARP 5945: Endurance Time Tests for Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids SAE Type I

SAE Aerospace Standards (AS)

AS 5635: Message Boards (Deicing Facilities)

AS 5681A: Minimum Operational Perfromance Specification for Remote On-Ground Ice Detection Systems

AS 5900B: Standard Test Method for Aerodynamic Acceptance of SAE AMS 1424 and SAE AMS 1428 Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids

AS 5901B:  Water Spray and High Humidity Endurance Test Methods for SAE AMS1424 and SAE AMS1428 Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids

SAE Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS)

AMS 1424K: Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluid, Aircraft, SAE Type I

AMS 1428G: Fluid, Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing, Non-Newtonian, (Pseudoplastic), SAE Types II, III, and IV

AMS 1431D: Compound, Solid Runway and Taxiway Deicing/Anti-Icing

AMS 1435C: Fluid, Generic, Deicing/Anti-Icing Runways and Taxiways

SAE Aerospace Information Reports (AIR)

AIR 1335: Ramp De-icing

AIR 5704: Field Viscosity Test for Thickened Aircraft Anti-Icing Fluids

AIR 6130: Cadmium Plate Cyclic Corrosion Test

AIR 9968A: Viscosity Test of Thickened Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR)

FAA FAR 121.629: Operation in Icing Conditions!OpenDocument&ExpandSection=-3

FAA Holdover Time Tables and Guidance Updates

FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 20-117: Hazards Following Ground De-icing and Ground Operations in Conditions Conducive to Aircraft Icing (1982)

FAA AC 120-60B: Ground Deicing and Anti-Icing Program (2004)$FILE/AC120-60B.pdf

FAA AC 135-16: Ground Deicing and Anti-Icing Training and Checking (1994)$FILE/ac135-16.pdf

FAA AC 120-58: Pilot Guide, Large Aircraft Ground Deicing (1992)$FILE/120-58.pdf

FAA AC 135-17: Pilot Guide Small Aircraft Ground Deicing (1994)$FILE/AC135-17.pdf

FAA AC 150/5300-14C: Design of Aircraft Deicing Facilities (2013)

FAA AC 150/5200-30C: Airport Winter Safety and Operations

UK Civil Aviation Authority

Winter Operations, Guidance for Aircraft, Airport and Aerodrome Operators

Association of European Airlines (AEA)

AEA Recommendations for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground; and

AEA Training Recommendations and Background Information for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground.

Both documents are available at the following website:

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has developed an online course entitled A Pilot’s Guide to Ground Icing.

The NASA course is available at:

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

ICAO, Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Operations

Manual of Aircraft Ground Deicing/Anti-icing Operations (Doc 9640)

Currently unavailable

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

ISO 11075:2007: De-icing/anti-icing fluids ISO Type I

ISO 11076:2012: Aircraft ground based de-icing/anti-icing with fluids

ISO 11077:1993: Aerospace self-propelled de-icing/anti-icing vehicles – functional requirements

ISO 11078:2007: De-icing/anti-icing fluids ISO Types II, III and IV

International Air Transport Association (IATA)

IATA DeIcing/Anti-Icing Quality Control Pool (DAQCP)

New Zealand Civil Aviation Authority

Aircraft Icing Handbook

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Effluent Limitation Guidelines

Environment Canada

Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA)