Reference Material

Deicing Innovations has compiled an extensive list of regulations, standards, recommended practices and other industry guidance material pertinent to ground operations in icing conditions. 

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Transport Canada

www.tc.gc.ca

Transport Canada Canadian Aviation Regulations (CAR)

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/regserv/cars/menu.htm

CAR Standard 622.11 – Ground Icing Operations

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/regserv/cars/part6-standards-standard622-513.htm

Transport Canada Holdover Time Tables

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/standards/commerce-holdovertime-menu-1877.htm

Transport Canada TP14052, Guidelines for Aircraft Ground Icing Operations

http://www.tc.gc.ca/Publications/en/tp14052/pdf/hr/tp14052e.pdf

Transport Canada Exemption from CARs Subsection 602.11(4)

http://www.tc.gc.ca/CivilAviation/Regserv/Affairs/exemptions/docs/en/2118.htm

Transport Canada TP 14181, System Safety Winter Briefing Kit

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp14181-menu-2092.htm

Transport Canada TP 312, Aerodrome Standards and Recommended Practices

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp312-menu-4765.htm

Transport Canada TP10643E, When in Doubt – Small and Large Aircraft – Aircraft Critical Surface Contamination Training for Aircrew and Groundcrew

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp10643-menu-1118.htm

Transport Canada, Staff Instruction SI 602-002: Aircraft Critical Surface Contamination Surveillance and Monitoring Strategies

Transport Canada, Staff Instruction SI 602-002

Transport Canada TP13750E, Commercial and Business Aviation Inspection and Audit (Checklists) Manual

http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/civilaviation/publications/tp13750-menu-2404.htm

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) is the primary source of aircraft ground deicing standards, specifications and recommended practices in the world. SAE publications are available directly from SAE at www.sae.org. The following SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP), Aerospace Standards (AS), Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS) and Aerospace Information Reports (AIR) are applicable to aircraft ground deicing operations:

SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP)

ARP 1247D: Aerospace Ground Support Equipment – General Requirements

http://standards.sae.org/arp1247d

ARP 1971C: Aircraft Deicing Vehicle – Self-Propelled, Large and Small Capacity

http://standards.sae.org/arp1971c

ARP 4737H: Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Methods

http://standards.sae.org/arp4737h

ARP 4806: Aerospace – Deicing/Anti-Icing Self-Propelled Vehicle Functional Requirements

http://standards.sae.org/arp4806

ARP 4902B: Design and Operation of Aircraft Deicing Facilities

http://standards.sae.org/arp4902b

ARP 5058A: Enclosed Operators Cabin for Aircraft Ground Deicing Equipment

http://standards.sae.org/arp5058a

ARP 5149B: Training Program Guidelines for De/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on Ground

http://standards.sae.org/arp5149b/

ARP 5485A: Endurance Time Tests for Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids SAE Type II, III, and IV

http://standards.sae.org/arp5485a

ARP 5646: Quality Program Guidelines for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground

http://standards.sae.org/arp5646/

ARP 5660A: Deicing Facility Operational Procedures

http://standards.sae.org/arp5660a

ARP 5718A: Qualification Process for SAE AMS1428 Type II, III, and IV Fluids

http://standards.sae.org/arp5718

ARP 5945: Endurance Time Tests for Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids SAE Type I

http://standards.sae.org/arp5945

SAE Aerospace Standards (AS)

AS 5635: Message Boards (Deicing Facilities)

http://standards.sae.org/as5635

AS 5681A: Minimum Operational Perfromance Specification for Remote On-Ground Ice Detection Systems

http://standards.sae.org/as5681

AS 5900B: Standard Test Method for Aerodynamic Acceptance of SAE AMS 1424 and SAE AMS 1428 Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids

http://standards.sae.org/as5900b

AS 5901B:  Water Spray and High Humidity Endurance Test Methods for SAE AMS1424 and SAE AMS1428 Aircraft Deicing/Anti-icing Fluids

http://standards.sae.org/as5901b

SAE Aerospace Material Specifications (AMS)

AMS 1424K: Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluid, Aircraft, SAE Type I

http://standards.sae.org/ams1424k

AMS 1428G: Fluid, Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing, Non-Newtonian, (Pseudoplastic), SAE Types II, III, and IV

http://standards.sae.org/ams1428g

AMS 1431D: Compound, Solid Runway and Taxiway Deicing/Anti-Icing

http://standards.sae.org/ams1431d

AMS 1435C: Fluid, Generic, Deicing/Anti-Icing Runways and Taxiways

http://standards.sae.org/ams1435c

SAE Aerospace Information Reports (AIR)

AIR 1335: Ramp De-icing

http://standards.sae.org/air1335a

AIR 5704: Field Viscosity Test for Thickened Aircraft Anti-Icing Fluids

http://standards.sae.org/air5704

AIR 6130: Cadmium Plate Cyclic Corrosion Test

http://standards.sae.org/air6130

AIR 9968A: Viscosity Test of Thickened Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids

http://standards.sae.org/air9968a

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

www.faa.gov

Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR)

http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/faa_regulations/

FAA FAR 121.629: Operation in Icing Conditions

http://rgl.faa.gov/REGULATORY_AND_GUIDANCE_LIBRARY/RGFAR.NSF/0/3bd5471acf699479852566ef006dd0c3!OpenDocument&ExpandSection=-3

FAA Holdover Time Tables and Guidance Updates

http://www.faa.gov/other_visit/aviation_industry/airline_operators/airline_safety/deicing/

FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 20-117: Hazards Following Ground De-icing and Ground Operations in Conditions Conducive to Aircraft Icing (1982)

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/A6B4EB947B007B3C862569BD006871B5?OpenDocument

FAA AC 120-60B: Ground Deicing and Anti-Icing Program (2004)

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/8ce3f88c034ae31a85256981007848e7/bf0601777e4a132186256f9d005701cd/$FILE/AC120-60B.pdf

FAA AC 135-16: Ground Deicing and Anti-Icing Training and Checking (1994)

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/list/AC%20135-16/$FILE/ac135-16.pdf

FAA AC 120-58: Pilot Guide, Large Aircraft Ground Deicing (1992)

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/list/AC%20120-58/$FILE/120-58.pdf

FAA AC 135-17: Pilot Guide Small Aircraft Ground Deicing (1994)

http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/list/AC%20135-17/$FILE/AC135-17.pdf

FAA AC 150/5300-14C: Design of Aircraft Deicing Facilities (2013)

http://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5300-14

FAA AC 150/5200-30C: Airport Winter Safety and Operations

http://www.faa.gov/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/index.cfm/go/document.current/documentNumber/150_5200-30

UK Civil Aviation Authority

www.caa.co.uk

Winter Operations, Guidance for Aircraft, Airport and Aerodrome Operators

http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?catid=2520&pagetype=90

Association of European Airlines (AEA)

www.aea.be

AEA Recommendations for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground; and

AEA Training Recommendations and Background Information for Deicing/Anti-Icing of Aircraft on the Ground.

Both documents are available at the following website:

http://www.aea.be/press/publications/index.html#de-icing

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)

http://www.easa.europa.eu

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has developed an online course entitled A Pilot’s Guide to Ground Icing.

The NASA course is available at: http://aircrafticing.grc.nasa.gov/courses_ground.html.

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

www.icao.int

ICAO, Aircraft Deicing/Anti-Icing Operations

http://www.icao.int/safety/AirNavigation/OPS/Pages/Aircraft-Ground-De-IcingAnti-Icing-Operations.aspx

Manual of Aircraft Ground Deicing/Anti-icing Operations (Doc 9640)

Currently unavailable

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

www.iso.org

ISO 11075:2007: De-icing/anti-icing fluids ISO Type I

http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=44185

ISO 11076:2012: Aircraft ground based de-icing/anti-icing with fluids

http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=54925

ISO 11077:1993: Aerospace self-propelled de-icing/anti-icing vehicles – functional requirements

http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=19065

ISO 11078:2007: De-icing/anti-icing fluids ISO Types II, III and IV

http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=44186

International Air Transport Association (IATA)

www.iata.org

IATA DeIcing/Anti-Icing Quality Control Pool (DAQCP)

http://www.iata.org/whatwedo/safety/audit/Pages/daqcp.aspx

New Zealand Civil Aviation Authority

Aircraft Icing Handbook

http://www.caa.govt.nz/safety_info/GAPs/Aircraft_Icing_Handbook.pdf

United States Environmental Protection Agency

www.epa.gov

Effluent Limitation Guidelines

http://water.epa.gov/scitech/wastetech/guide/airport/index.cfm

Environment Canada

www.ec.gc.ca

Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA)

http://www.ec.gc.ca/lcpe-cepa/default.asp?lang=En&n=26A03BFA-1